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梳篦巷

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The Golden Hoard  

2008-06-16 00:11:51|  分类: 读万卷书 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The Golden Hoard - 梳篦巷 - 梳篦巷的博客

treasure fm The Goledn Hoard in Tillia tepe

An Ancient Afghan Treasure isRecovered

By Rachel Galvin

A two-thousand-year-old Afghan treasure has come to light aftera quarter century of rumors, legends, and speculation. Ibexfigurines and jeweled scabbards and golden beasts--nearlytwenty-one thousand pieces in all--have been found again.

Precisely where the treasure is, Afghan officials aren't sayingin the interests of security.

The gold hoard from the ancient kingdom of Bactria has survivedthe years of chaos since it was discovered: the Soviet invasion,the warring among the mujahaddin, and the rise of theTaliban. Stories circulated that the golden objects had beencarried off to Moscow, or sold on the black market, or melted down.In one account, just before the American forces arrived in 2001,the Taliban ran out of time trying to blow the central bank'svault. No one could say for sure what had happened.

Then in August of 2003, the government of Afghanistan announcedthat the Bactrian gold had been found and invited archaeologistFred Hiebert to verify the fact. "I went over there to try and findout whether there was any truth to this rumor that the Bactriangold was safe," says Hiebert, a specialist in ancient trade inCentral Asia. "We were invited to inventory what collections theyhad, systematically, and do a verification."

Hiebert held the original field notes from the excavation byRussian archaeologist Viktor Sarianidi in the 1970s. With supportfrom the NEH and the National Geographic Society, he and museumspecialist Carla Grissmann were in Afghan-istan last summer toconduct an inventory. The treasure, they determined, wasintact.

The artifacts were uncovered in 1978 in the Mound of Gold, orTillya Tepe, in a northern Afghan province that lies between theHindu Kush Mountains and the Amu Darya River. The site was rumoredto contain a golden man buried in a coffin of gold. Instead,Sarianidi's team found a four-thousand-year-old temple, and withinits walls, the tombs of five women and one man. The archaeologistsspeculated that some time during the first century C.E., a tribe ofBactrian nomads had hidden the graves within the ruins of theabandoned temple.

Each person was interred with a dazzling array of jewelry,beads, buckles, coins, mirrors, and gold plaques that had trimmedtheir clothing--which, as was the nomadic tradition, the nobles hadworn or carried with them in life. Four of the six nomads wereburied with their heads facing north. Coins were placed in themouths of two of the women: the toll for Charon to ferry themacross the river Styx.

......

Rachel Galvin is a freelance writer in Princeton, NewJersey.

Fred Hiebert is archaeology fellow at the NationalGeographic Society, which received an NEH Chairman's EmergencyGrant of $30,000 to document the Bactrian gold.


More see:

http://www.neh.gov/news/humanities/2004-11/goldenhoard.html

 

The Golden Hoard - 梳篦巷 - 梳篦巷的博客

The Golden Hoard - 梳篦巷 - 梳篦巷的博客

Bactrian Coins in Shanghai Museum

正面为亚历山大像,背面为持权杖的宙斯,两行希腊文意为亚历山大大帝

The Golden Hoard - 梳篦巷 - 梳篦巷的博客

商晚期 马首刀 in Shanghai Museum

The Golden Hoard - 梳篦巷 - 梳篦巷的博客

战国齐墓出土 疑似Griffin in Qingzhou Museum

The Golden Hoard - 梳篦巷 - 梳篦巷的博客

Also be found in The Golden Hoard

 

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